Three Scientists from Ireland, Japan and China Won Nobel Prize in Medicine
Three scientists from Japan, China and Ireland were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering therapies for the treatment of some of the most devastating parasitic diseases.
William C. Campbell and Satoshi Omura were awarded the Nobel Prize for developing a new drug, Avermectin, which has radically lowered the incidence of river blindness and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis).
The third person to receive the Nobel Prize is Youyou Tu, who discovered Artemisinin, a drug that has significantly reduced death rates from malaria.
The Nobel Committee said in a statement that these two discoveries have provided humankind with powerful new way to fight these devastating diseases that affect more than several hundreds of millions of people annually.
According to experts, parasitic worms, which cause river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, affect a third of the world’s population, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America.
The Nobel Committee said, “After decades of limited progress in developing durable therapies for parasitic diseases, the discoveries by this year’s laureates radically changed the situation”.
The medicine award was the first Nobel Prize to be announced. The winners of the physics, chemistry and peace prizes are set to be announced later this week.
The economics prize will be announced next Monday and so far no date has been scheduled of announcement of the prize for the literature.
The announcement about the winners was made this morning in Stockholm by Urban Lendahl, Secretary for the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine.
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