Scientists to broaden their Probe into Higgs Boson’s Identity
It has been more than two years for the discovery of the Higgs Boson, a particle that could explain why everything in the universe has mass, and physicists are now preparing to broaden their probe into its identity to solve other great cosmic mysteries.
In order to answer certain cosmic-scale questions, like Dark Matter, it is very important to study the Higgs at the infinitely small quantum level, said experts. Characteristics of the Higgs Boson, like its mass, interaction strengths and life-time, were observed by researchers. But the observation made it very difficult for researchers to understand the more fundamental theory, said Valya Khoze, director of the Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology (IPPP) at Durham University.
Scientists will begin colliding sub-atomic particles at ever higher-speeds in the upgraded Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva from next year. The Higgs discovery was announced on July 4, 2012.
Researchers are expecting new particles to emerge once the collider restarts next year. So far, the Higgs has been in line with the traits predicted in the Standard Model of particle physics, the theory about construction of universe. The model has not provided any help to researchers to explain dark matter or dark energy, which makes 95% of the universe. Also, it does not comply with the theory of gravity.
Alternative theories have been proposed by researchers to explain the inconsistencies, like supersymmetry. It talks about existence of a sibling for every particle in our universe and may provide explanation behind dark matter and dark energy.
"It would give us a very good hint that there is physics there beyond the Standard Model and that there's new, additional physics coming soon. It could help to explain many of the other problems we have in physics at the moment", said Dave Charlton, who heads the ATLAS experiment at the LHC.
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