Women with (XDR) TB Quarantined, Sent to NIH, Maryland

Women with (XDR) TB Quarantined, Sent to NIH, Maryland

The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention moved a patient suffering from an extreme form of tuberculosis into isolation on Friday, in order to contain the air-borne bacteria of the disease from spreading further.

The woman was admitted to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland via special air and ground ambulances. Meanwhile, the federal authorities were apprehensive that people with whom this woman had come in contact, might have contracted the disease as well. They are trying to zero in on these people.

The infected women traversed at least three states before ending at the NIH. As reported by the CDC, she traveled in April from India to the United States, through Chicago O'Hare airport. Thereafter, she spent some time in Missouri and Tennessee. It was seven weeks after landing in the US, that she was diagnosed with (XDR) TB. Initially, she sought treatment at a Chicago hospital before being shifted to NIH.

XDR-TB or extensively drug resistant TB resists the effects of almost all the known TB drugs. Though it is very rare in the US, with about 63 cases between 1993 and 2011, this form of TB is very dangerous. TB bacteria are released into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes and people who breathe in this air can become infected.

Presently, the female patient is undergoing treatment at the NIH Clinical Center and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases is providing care and treatment for the patient in connection with an existing NIH clinical protocol.

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