U.S. and Russian astronauts to go on one-year space mission

U.S. and Russian astronauts to go on one-year space mission

In another U.S.-Russia joint space mission, American Astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko will spend a year on the International Space Station (ISS) starting in March this year, NASA has confirmed.

During their one-year stay in space, Kelly and Kornienko will conduct seven research experiments on the ISS to help scientists gather beneficial knowledge on the medical, psychological and biomedical challenges that astronauts face during long term space flight.

The duo will gauge changes in functionality, vision, mental health, metabolic processes, physical performance, and microbes living in the body, in addition to motor performance, training retention and behavioral changes.

Another cluster of tests will be conducted on Kelly and Astronaut Mark Kelly, Scott Kelly's twin brother who will stay on Earth.

NASA said in a statement, "These investigations will provide broader insight into the subtle effects and changes that may occur in spaceflight as compared to Earth by studying two individuals who have the same genetics, but are in different environments for one year."

Mark Kelly's experience includes piloting of Space Transportation System 108 (Endeavour), STS-124 (Discovery Commander) and STS-134 (Endeavour Commander).

Scott Kelly's experience includes STS-103 in the year of 1999, STS-118 in 2007 and a 159-day stay on the ISS starting on October 7, 2010.

It is going to be unusually lengthy space mission as a typical NASA mission to the ISS lasts no more than six months.

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