US to create World’s largest Marine Sanctuary
US President Barack Obama announced on Thursday that the US will create largest marine sanctuary in the Pacific Ocean, which will protect marine mammals from climate change.
According to a statement given by the White House, the President's proclamation has designated the marine reserve in the south-central Pacific, which will make it off-limits to commercial fishing.
The statement also stated that the administration has decided to expand the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, a group of unincorporated United States Pacific Island territories, as an area to protect marine mammals because several studies have shown that large marine areas that are protected could be helpful in many ways. It could help in biodiversity, improve overall ecosystem resilience and support fish population.
The areas like the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument are under threat because of climate change. The carbon pollution in such areas causes the oceans to acidify, which could destroy marine life, the statement said.
The proclamation by the President will enlarge the reserve to more than six time of its current size. According to the statement, expanding the arena will result in 1.27 million square kilometres of protected area.
In June, Obama had asked his administration to make way to expand the existing sea reserve in order to keep marine life safe from climate change.
According to the White House, the move will help the nation in protecting many marine mammals, including those with long migratory ranges. The location is also habitat of millions of seabirds, which forage over many miles to bring food back to their rookeries on the islands.
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